Excerpt:Ajay Chovatia, CEPT University student, designed Urban Housing project considering a tight budget, rigid service layout & land cost. This resulted in rubber-stamped housing blocks that don’t comply with the existing lifestyle of the people. The project aims to address the inevitable socio-cultural and climatic needs of the place through system-based approach to High density housing.
Introduction: Vision for Transformation:
Slum rehabilitation projects are often compromised as a result of a tight budget, rigid service layout, and land cost. This results in rubber-stamped housing blocks that don’t comply with the existing lifestyle of the people.
At present rehabilitation schemes disregard the fact that the need of people changes with time and delivers a rigid layout that doesn’t allow much modification. This project aims to achieve flexibility in terms of growing family needswith time.
It is evident from the site study that Outdoor living spaces such as Ottas, street, terrace, and foyer are inevitably occupied for diverse activities throughout the day and hence this project aims to achieve such strategically Integrated shared spaces.
The project aims to address the inevitable socio-cultural and climatic needs of the place through system-based approach to High density housing.
In Surat, the poor migrants and slum dwellers contribute immensely in running the lucrative industries like diamond and power looms. The maximum slums are in the zones where these industries are located.
Ekta Nagar is one such Informal settlement, due to its location in the city center, size of settlement, occupational structure and coexistence of mixed migrant community, It becomes an appropriate site for Intervention of a system based Affordable housing scheme that can be later on applied to the other parts of the city as well.
Settlement : Ektanagar
Location : Ektanagar, Ankur cross road, Ak road, Surat – 395008
Site area: 8,600 sq.metres/ 0.86 Hectares
Total Population: Approx 2438
Number of Dwelling: 336
Community type: Mix of migrant population from states like U.P, Orissa, Maharashtra, Bihar, and Gujarat.
Community Profession: The majority of the population from Ektanagar works in the following four sector:
Textile Industry workers 2. Diamond Industry workers 3. Shopkeeper and Vegetable vendor 4. Housekeeper
SITE STUDY AND ANALYSIS
Students were required to choose three different slums in their city, with one of them serving as the main site. Each student carefully planned the major site according to the faculty’s guidelines. The primary site was mapped in depth qualitatively and quantitatively, while the other two were documented for the purpose of testing the “system” towards the end of the design process.
Based on the site analysis, each student prepared a design brief stating their vision, design concerns, and a detailed statement of house types and amenities.
MATRIX OF IDEAS
The design process of the studio is focused on three aspects: sociocultural aspects, topographical aspects, and material technological aspects. Each student prepared a “Matrix of Ideas” under these three aspects, wherein design ideas and concepts were sketched and presented in the form of a table. The key here is to think about each aspect totally in isolation while listing the ideas and concepts in the matrix.
SUPERIMPOSITION OF IDEAS
As a further step in the design process, students chose ideas from each of the Matrix’s components and began superimposing them to explore design options. At the cluster and unit level, the investigation was carried out using physical-digital models and drawings. In order to arrive at specific design decisions, performance-based analysis was done using various digital tools for wind flow and lux levels.
FINAL DESIGN: MAIN SITE
After many design interactions, all of the students arrived on a final design scheme for their primary site. There were three levels to this scheme: unit types, duster type, and site plans.”
The next step in the design process was to evolve a system with the help of a design scheme. Students worked at various scales, ranging from architectural elements, unit and cluster types, and site plans. The ‘System’ was represented in the form of a ‘Kit of Parts’ and the rules for arranging them at all the various scales mentioned above.
This “system” was tested at the other two sites that each student had selected at the beginning of the semester, to make them versatile for diverse conditions thrown at the “system”.
[This Academic Project has been published with text submitted by the student]
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