Project Name: Day center and Home for the elderly of Blancafort
Practice: Guillem Carrera
Firm Location: Tarragona, Spain
Completion year: 2014
Gross Built up Area: 647 sqm
Project Location: Tarragona, Spain
Engineering: Albert Pons
Structural Consultants: Estudi Cuyas 38 SL
Contractors: Betaconkret SA
Collaborators: Eva Crespo, Meritxell Anglès, Xavier Foraste
Others: Subcontractor: Oficrea SL, Nou Concepte Interiors SL
Photo Credits: Adrià GoulaMore Specs
Excerpt: Day center and Home for the elderly of Blancafort is an architectural project designed by Guillem Carrera in Tarragona, Spain. The building was built according to the standard of passive solar architecture. Each of the spaces of the building has the possibility of cross ventilation. All spaces have one opening to the outer facade and another to the inner courtyard.
(“Text as submitted by architect”)
A necessary social building for the elderly in the village of Blancafort and its neighboring municipalities. The initial observation of the site and its surroundings led to the consideration that the future building should not just solve a program and the needs of an isolated building. It had to help to consolidate the nearest urban fabric and at the same time to create access to the village with its own personality and public character.
The volumetric layout of the building suggests the next concepts:
The floor plan of the building answer to two main ideas:
Construction materials used outside don’t require continuous maintenance. The possible perception of concrete as a cold material is balanced by the warm surfaces of wood, corten steel, stone that covers the base of the wall (which is used in several places in the same village), the vegetation areas and the health park.The interior surfaces are designed to provide users with the warmth they need to enjoy a building designed to make the last stage of their lives more comfortable. The building was built according to the standard of passive solar architecture. Each of the spaces of the building has the possibility of cross ventilation. All spaces have one opening to the outer facade and another to the inner courtyard.
With a view to minimizing energy demand, it was addressed from the first point of view, by creating an envelope (building skin) with a thermal thickness of minimum five layers and a thickness of 40-45 centimeters. Thermal inertia is created according to the climate which the building is located. From a second point of view, an integrated and global air conditioning system was used in the building that uses solar energy to reduce electricity consumption. At the same time, the extraction and the entry of new air takes place via a double-flow system, which ensures the extraction of contaminated air from kitchens and toilets and simultaneously collects fresh air from the outside (controlling its humidity) and insufflate it into multipurpose and administrative areas.
The materials used in the construction of this building were plane materials of natural origin and proximity with the intention that the environmental impact of the building and landscape is as low as possible.